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The Sundance Times Page 4 January I O, 2013 Living in one country while bearing the nationality of another, I seem never to be in the right place. As you read this col- umn, I am recovering from a ten-day trip across the oceans to bestow my twice- yearly Parental Visitation upon my loved ones. While in England, I was referred to as "the woman who livesin America" but, now I have reappeared in Sundance, I have switched back my persona as "the English woman who lives here." You see the problem, have begun to lose the knack. In hind- sight, the better methodology during my transatlantic flight, when an aggravating little man invaded my space and jiggled his leg for a full eight hours, would have been to slap him on the knee. This Side of the Pond Notes from an Uprooted Englishwoman BY SARAH PRIDGEON yes? I have some- I am, how- ever, sorry to report that the Brits showed a distinct lack of interest in my adven- tures and no desire to hear about "the bringing cultures." It's wrong people together of the best of both how acquired the ability to never quite possible I was regaling the belong to the country in which I stand: with my observations. wherever I am, I am not quite from around Shop assistants were not, for example, there, clamoring to know why I was purchasing "Welcome home," said one of my friends, a bumper pack of teabags or that it's been as I whinged bitterly about the jetlag. %Ve such a long time since there were any de- tidied up for you." cent quantities available to me {other than "It wasn't easy," added another. "Wales the measly box of 40 PG Tips they sell in needed quite a lot of hoovering." Safeway) that I forgot all about buying in And just like that, I was back in the land bulk. I understand. One in which I am not the I presented my Survival Pack to the girl only person to refer to a vacuum cleaner at the checkout, containing: 300 teabags, as "the hoover~ and your winter survival three gallon-sized tubs of proper English kit consists of a small umbrella, rather gravy, two cans of aerosol deodorant (be- than a full set of thermal underwear and cause such an a zero-degree sleeping bag. innovation ap- ~ England, my England, where I am in parenfly Offends ' ,~i absolutely no danger of being mauled by Safeways' shelf a mountain lion. The same soap operasstackers) and ~ are showing as when I left two years ago a nose sniffer~~ (with largely the same plotlines), come- thingy for sinus ~~~ dians are on a par with rock stars and pain (because every street comer features a traditional they won't give English pub. me one in Wal- It was a relief at first. Unfortunately, I mart.) I expected /. ~ have adapted more than I realised to my comment or at the new homeland and soon found myself very least a raised judging anyone who left the house with- eyebrow but, as out a spare pair of socks, far as she was I repeatedly climbed into my mother'sconcerned, 300 car and wondered how I'd ended up in the teabags will last ~ driver's seat and, like my husband before an average family ~- me, spent almost two weeks with abso-the weekend and ~::~ lutely no idea what time of day it was, no decent meal is thanks to the overcast skies of the Euro- served outside a Heathrow Airport, pean winter (and, for Terri Cronn: as my bath of gravy, farewell in style. hometown is by the sea too, also the fogl) The curator of I discovered that passive aggressive tut- the museum of ting is a much less effective strategy for Victoriana that I visited with my father dealing with absent-minded pedestrians was even less interested in my reasons for than I remember it being, suggesting I buying a coin commemorating Queen Eliz- abeth II's Diamond Jubilee. It's difficult to convey the panic of longer living under the kindiy care of a monarch to someone with no such experience; perhaps I should write them a column about it instead. Of course, some might say I'm looking at this from the wrong angle; our two cul- tures are naturally disposed to blend. On my last trip to England, for example, I had ' the good fortune to sit next to a lady who was journeying to my nation's capital from Sioux Falls to contribute traditional Native American dance to the Diamond Jubilee festivities. Not only did an American neighbor give me a peek at the Queen's upcoming sched- ule {which pleasingly included a non-ne- gotiable 45-minute morning break specifi- cally for tea), I was able to provide insight into the London Underground and help the troupe select a less circuitous route to rehearsals. My husband describes England as a parallel dimension; a country in which the culture is sufficiently similar as to be fa- miliar yet two degrees removed from nor- mality. While this makes navigating the unknown much easier for vacationers, it turns out that the slight variations can re- ally throw you when you regularly switch back and forth. Our countries' opinions differ on festive traditions, ruling bodies and the mak- ings of a decent cup of tea. We enjoy very dif- ferent weather systems and you people drive on the wrong side of the road. We do, however, share a set of ideals, a language, a long historical friend- ship and, partic- ularly in the case of Wyoming, a sense of humor. Consequently, you might say that, when it comes to the fin- where they bid you est things in life, there's not much need for adap- tion at all. In ad- dition, I now have two homelands so, really, whichever direction I'm traveUing in, I'm always going home. BY TANYA BREKKE Library Programming: MYS- TERY DINNERATTHE LIBRARY, a fundraiser for the Library Foun- dation, Saturday, January 19 - tickets on sale now[ Contact Jill Mackey at Crook County Library for more information. GENEAL- OGY CLASS, Monday, Janu- ary 14, 7 p.m. E-AUDIOBOOK CLASS, Monday, January 28, 7 p.m. HISTORICAL PROGRAM by Rocky Courchaine, Friday, January 25, 7 p.m "Murder & Mayhem in Crook County." LUNCH BUNCH BOOK DISCUS- SION GROUP meets every third Thursday at 11:30 a.m. The group will NOT meet in Decem- ber -- for January they will be reading "Judas Child" by Carol O'Connell. The FEEDER READ- ERS DISCUSSION GROUP will not be meeting in December. They are reading "The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration" by Isabel Wilkerson for January. Copies are available for check- out. CROOK COUNTY LIBRARY BOARD usually meets every first Wednesday after the first Tues- day of each month (usually). Location rotates between the li- braries in Sundance, Moorcroi% and Hulett. Meetings open to the public. CROOK COUNTY LI- BRARY FOUNDATION BOARD usually meets every third Thurs- day at 1:30 p.m. Location ro- tates among the three libraries. This Week at Your Library SUNDANCE FRIENDS OF THE LIBRARY meet every second Tuesday, September through May, at 11 a.m new members always welcome. Major projects include the annual book sale, Valentine's bake sale, and Open House luncheon. Staff Reads: Jill is reading "Conversations With Myself' by Nelson Mandela and "Chomp" by Carl Hiassen. Bonnie is reading "After The Moment" by Garret Freymann. Violet is reading "Christmas Bride" by Grace Livingston Hill. Tanya is reading "Killing Kennedy" by Bill O'Reilly and "Merry Christ- mas" by James Patterson. Wyoming Room: THE SAGA OF HUGH GLASS by JOHN MYERS MYERS. Pirate and prisoner turned trapper, Hugh Glass became a legend who survived under impossible con- ditions in the ~wild west". New Fiction: PLAYAWAYS: FALL OF GIANTS by Ken Fol- lett. Follows the fates of five in- terrelated families as they move through the world-shaking dra- mas of the First World War, the Russian Revolution, and the struggle for women's suffrage. ZOO by James Patterson. All over the world Animals are at- tacking and crippling dries all over the world. DARK PARADISE by Tami Hoag. Marilee Jennings must decipher the puzzle of her best friend's death in New Eden, Sudoku 71 6284395 Solution 2495361 87 Pu=leoo 3 8 5 7 9 1 4 6 2 previous page 568472931 Sponsored by: 1 9 2 3 8 7 4 473918526 921 THIS SPACE AVAILABLE-CALL 6 3 4 283-3411 FOR 8 5 7 DETAILS 857643 129758 64 219 Montana. WANTED MAN by Lee Child. Jack Reacher has hitched more than a ride, he has tied himself to a massive conspiracy. THE RACKETEER by John Gr- isham. The Racketeer has the answers to a mystery involving the death of a judge, but he's not telling, yet. Nothing is as it seems and everything's fair game. SLEEP NO MORE by Iris Johansen. Eve agrees to help her Mother find her friend, Beth Avery, but soon discovers that there are many secrets that will put them all in grave danger. I, MICHAEL BENNETt by James Patterson and Michael Ledwid- ge. Michael Bennett arrests a Mexican crime lord leaving him no choice but to take his family on a vacation out of New York for their protection only to find more danger in the small town of Newburgh, NY. WINTER OFTHE WORLD by Ken Follett. Five in- terrelated families enter a time of turmoil, beginning with the rise of the Third Reich, through the Spanish Civil War and the great dramas of World War II, to the explosions of the American and Soviet Atomic bombs and the beginning of the Cold War. THE FIRE CHRONICLE by John Ste- phens. After tumultuous events of last winter, Kate, Michael and Emma long to continue the hunt for their missing parents. But they themselves are now in great danger, and so the wizard Stan- islaus Pym hides the children at the Edgar Allan Poe Home for Hopeless and Incorrigible Orphans. There, he says, they will be safe. How wrong he is. New Nonfiction: AMERICANS AT WAR by Stephen E. Ambro- se. Vivid and compelling essays take you to the heart of Amer- ica's wars, from Grant's stun- ning Fourth of July victory at Vicksburg, to Nixon's surprise Christmas bombing of Hanoi. New Junior Fiction: THE 39 CLUES: SHATTERPROOF; BOOK FOUR by Roland Smith. In trying to save seven kid- napped members of their faro- fly, Amy and Dan Cahill have been set up in several bizarre ransoms. The last one, is a set up, unbeknownst to the pair, that will lead to certain death for someone. THE THIRTEENTH PRINCESS by Diane Zahler. A classic fairy tale with a bold twist, an unforgettable story of a magi- cal castle, true love, spellbound princesses-and the youngest girl determined to save them all. New Easy Readers: MY RACE CAR by Ace Landers. New Picture Books: SKIPPY JON JONES: CIRQUE DE OLE' by Judy Schachner. New Junior Kit: LATE FOR SCHOOL by Steve Martin. PETE THE CAT: I LOVE MY WHITE SHOES by Eric Litwin. New Young Adult Fiction: RUNNING ON THE CRACKS by Julia Donaldson. Leonora Watts-Chan is the missing "orchestra orphan" from the newspaper headlines and she~l do just about anything to stay missing. Leo is searching for her missing grandparents and meets some odd but generous friends who help her in her search. New Young Adult Playaway: CONFESSIONS OF A MURDER SUSPECT by James Patterson. Tandy Angel is one of the last people to see her parents alive and now becomes a teen detec- tive on a mission to uncover her family's darkest secrets--- and maybe some of her own. BROTHERBAND CHRONI- CLES: THE INVADERS; BOOK TWO by John Flanagan. As champions of the Brotherband competition, Hal and the rest of the Herons were given one simple assignment: safeguard the Skandian's most sacred ar- tifact, the Andomal. They failed. To redeem themselves, the Her- ons must track down the thief and recover the Andomal. The Heron's soon discover that even their great warrior training may not be enough to survive let alone bring home the treasured artifact. Th Federalist Papers BY TERRY HENDERSON Federalist Paper #83 - Pad 2 Discussions that focus on the extent of usefulness in a repre- sentative republic or the merit as a defense against the op- pression of tyranny are not ben- efidal here since both sides already agree to the need of this in- stitution. The trial by jury in criminal cases, aided by the habeas corpus act seems to be the question here. Both of these are am- ply provided for in the constitution. Another observation has been that trial by jury is a safeguard against an oppressive exerdse of the power of taxation. It is obvious that it can have no in- fluence on the legislature in re- gard to the amount of the taxes to be levied, or to the objects on which they are to be imposed, or to the rule by which they are apportioned. So the only in- fluence can be on the mode of collection and the conduct of the officers entrusted with the fulfillment of the revenue laws. Trial by jury for mode of collec- tion In New York is mostly out of use since taxes are usually collected by a distress sale. Ev- eryone accepts that this is es- sential to enforcing the revenue laws. Jury trials in such cases would cost more than the taxes to be collected. As for the con- duct of the enforcement officers, the provision for a trail by jury in criminal cases will offer secu- rity, since willful abuses of pub- lic authority to the oppression of the dtizen and every type of offidal extortion are offenses against the government. The strongest argument for a civil jury trial is a security against corruption of the mag- istrates. The sheriff who is the summoner of ordinary juries, as well as the clerks of courts who have the nomination of special juries, are also standing officers and may individually be more touched by corruption than the collective body of judges. However, trial by jury is still a valuable check upon corruption since both court and jury would have to be corrupted, which creates a double security. "By increasing the obstacles to suc- cess (corruption) it discourages attempts to seduce the integrity of either." The temptation for judges is certainly less if they need a jury to cooperate with their corruption, than if they had the sole determination of the cases. Hamilton says that although he has expressed doubts as to the ne- cessity of trails by jury for sustaining liberty, under proper regula- tions, it is an excellent method to determine questions of property. For this reason, he sees the favor of having a constitutional provi- sion for it, but a federal govern- ment is a composition of sodet- ies whose ideas and institutions vary greatly from each other. This creates an obstacle to pre- vent the insertion of a provision for this into the constitution. "The great difference between the limits of a jury trial in differ- ent states is not generally un- derstood." He goes on to show how New York's court system is similar to Great Britain's. %Ve have courts of common law, courts of probates (analogous in certain matters to the spiritual courts ) a court of admiralty, and a court of chancery (cover- ing cases not covered by com- mon law}. In the courts of com- mon law only the trial of jury prevails, and this with some exceptions. In all the others a single judge presides without the aid of a jury." Hamilton then goes on to show how New Jer- sey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Caro- lina, South Carolina, Georgia, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts all differ in their court systems. He concludes that no general rule could have been agreed upon by the consti- tutional convention that would have matched the circumstanc- es of all the states. There would have been more problems if they had taken the system of any one state for a standard, than there is by leaving it to legisla- tive regulation. The arguments for the omission of such a pro- vision serves to show the diffi- culty of the matter. The States in their collective capacity, are the object to which all general provisions in the constitution must refer to. To be continued war memorla BY SEN. JOHN BARRASSO, M.D. In Wyoming, we never forget the sacrifices made by our coura- geous men and women in uniform. We are extremely grateful for their service and understand that these heroes are the reason Americans continue to live safe and free. One way our nation hon- ors our veterans is through war memorials. These memorials give all Americans a chance to reflect, remember and pay tribute to our fallen soldiers. There is a special memorial located at Memorial Park in Chey- enne's F.E. Warren Air Force Base---the Bells of Balangiga. It dis- plays two church bells, and is dedicated to the American soldiers who lost their lives in the town of Balangiga during the Philippine- American war. On September 28, 1901, the Bells of Balangiga were used by Filipino insurgents to launch a massacre on American troops sta- tioned at Balangiga, Samar, Philippines. Forty-eight out of seventy- five American soldiers died. All officers were either killed, died of wounds or were listed as missing and presumed dead. The troops that survived the massacre brought these bells back to Fort D. A. Russell, which we know today as F.E. Warren Air Force Base. Within the last year, the U.S. State Department and Department of Defense attempted to remove the Bells of Balangiga from F.E. Warren Air Force Base and send them to the Philippines. The ma- jority of Wyoming's veterans oppose moving the memorial, includ- ing the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars. This past April, I sent a letter, along with Senator Enzi and Rep- resentative Lummis, to Secretary of State Hilary Clinton and Secre- tary of Defense Leon Panetta expressing our opposition to return- ing the bells to the Philippines. The letter emphasized that moving the bells from Wyoming is unacceptable and sets a dangerous prec- edent for future war memorials. Deconstructing our war memorials is a disservice to those soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice in defense of our country. In order to stop this from occurring, I introduced an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) that prohibits moving war memorials overseas without Congressional approval for the next five years. The NDAA, which includes my amendment, passed both the U.S. House and Senate and was recently signed into law by President Obama. This law will prevent the Obama Ad- ministration from circumventing Congress to move the Bells of Ba- langlga from F.E. Warren Air Force Base to the Philippines. I will continue to insist that the men and women, who have proud- ly protected the freedoms of our nation throughout the years, are recognized for their service.