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The Sundance Times
Sundance, Wyoming
April 14, 1977     The Sundance Times
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April 14, 1977

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REPORTS TO THE PEOPLE OF WYOMING CLEAN AIR ACT Clean Air Act contains Last week the Clean Air statutory language to pre- Acto of 1970 was reported vent the deterioration of air out of the Environment and already cleaner than the na- Public Works Committe with tional standard. All of several very important Wyoming and much of the amendments affecting Wyo- Rocky Mountain area falls ruing. The general tenor of the amendments is to give states more flexibility in dealing with their air quality problems, while providing incentives to continue mak- ing progress towards cleaner air. One amendment which was adopted by the commit- tee will give relief to Wyom- ing auto dealers from the Environmental Protection Agency's high altitude car- tification requirements. The Environmental Pro- tection Agency h~ inter- preted the auto emission section of the Act to require special certification for motor vehicles sold over 4000 feet elevation. The result has been fewer models being offered for sale in Wyoming, at greater expense. We have 18 counties designated as "high altitude" areas and the dealers as well as the buying public have had un- fair burdens placed on them. Senator Domenici (R- N.M.), Senator McClure (r - Idaho) and I were able to amend the bill to remove these requirements until 1982, the date for final com- pliance with auto emission standards, Meanwhile, the envionmental and economic effects of high altitude cer- tification will be studied. Another amendment of great importance to Wyo- ming concerns air that is already cleaner than the na- tional standards. By amend- ing the Act to incorporate existing conditions, the into this category. Con- troversy over this part has raged for two years and will continue to be the object of attack on the floor and in conference. Along this same line, special provisions have been added to the Act to protect air in National Parks and wilderness areas. Another provision will prohibit air quality plans, which di- minish the air quality of neighberning states. Auto emission limitations were liberalized through the rolling back of the auto industry compliance dates, in the face of the realization that the technology which the Act orginally sought to force, has not developed as fast as its authors had first hoped. While about 80 per cent of the emissions of new motor vehicles have been reduced since 1967 by the auto com- panies, I'm afraid the final 10 percent reduction to eventual standards will be slower going. / I believe that the Act, as reported out of committee, reflects a delicate balance between protecting the na- tion's air quality and in- suring a predictable econo- mic climate. There will be a great deal of controversy surrounding the proposals. The Act can be amended and its final form will determine my vote. Florence Oibern Easter Sunday Services at all of our local churches were very appropriate and lovely with a large attendance at each one. Breakfast and Sunrise Service at the Hulett Community Baptist Church had an attendance of 84 and 112 for the regular II a.m. service. Mrs. Fern Grubb, her son Kenny end family, her mother Mrs. Velma Eaton and Teddy Bears spent Sat- urday night and Easter Sun- day visiting at the house of Mr. and Mrs. Dave Hall and small daughter Amanda near Buffalo, Wyo. Mrs. Neff Bush, accom- panied by the Misses Fran- ces Hebb and Ruth Sager drove to Spearfish Friday eve, April 8th to make the acquaintance of Neil's new grandson who arrived at the Lookout Memorial Hospital that a.m. He is a n~ember of the home of Mr. and Mrs. Camp Crook, S.D. as well as several from here. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Eaton and three children of Casper, Wyo. came Good Friday and visited over-night with his mother Mrs. Velma Eaton and spent the rest of the Easter vacation with her parents Mr. and Mrs. Homer Mercer and son Donald at their ranch. Mr. and Mrs. Stanley E. Davidson and son Larry were out to the ranch on Easter and called on friends here in the evening. They stated that their son Keith, wife and baby Julie of Sheridan, Wyo. are on a short vacation to Ohio to visit her family and friends. The community was sad- dened to learn of the passing of both Mrs, Stella Taylor former longtime resident of Alva, later of Casper, and of Mr. Paul Cummings long- time rancher of the Peaks area and we extend sympa- thy to the bereaved families. Mrs. Velma Eaton and daughter Mrs. Fern Grubb attended services for Mr. Mike Neiman, weighs 8 lbs., Penn Smith in Sundance on 4 ors., will answer tothe April 8, and helped with name Matthew and joins a sister Sara who is 3 years old. Mr and Mrs. Albert Neiman arc paternal grandparents and Mr. and Mrs. George Watts St. of Sundance are paternal great-grandparents. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Brad Abelseth and children was the scene of a large family gathering of beth sides for Easter after chmr.h. Several families canto from serving refreshments, to the family at the Sunny Divide Hall after interment at the Sunny Divide Cemetery. Mr. Smith, longtime resident of the county had a .host of friends who extend sympathy to the bereaved widow and all other relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Fowl- kes were in Sturgis, S.D., FA~er for,a hm~ly dinner at the home of their son Charles and family. They were accompanied by their grand- children Douglas and Tamra Harris who had spent school vacation days here. Mrs. Elsie W. Terhune spent Easter and had lunch with Mrs. Nell Bush who drove to Spearfish, S.D. that evening to help her daughter Mrs. Mike Neiman care for the new baby. Mrs. Louise Coker and daughter Patsy and Jennie, accompanied by the former's mother, Mrs. Lena Fowlkes spent Easter at Newcastle at the home of the former's sen Pete and family. Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Strong and baby son Dustin and Mr. and Mrs. Irvin Brimmer and The Soft Conservation Ser- vice which heads up the cooperative snow survey and water supply forecasting program-continues to report meager snowpacks in the western mountains. We here in Sundance tend to be above the normal snowpack and we may not feel that water conservation is necessary, but there is still a possibility of summer drought in our area. So here you are with grass, shrubs, flowers, vegetables and trees - and water supply forecasters suggest you may not have enough water to nurture your plants through the months ahead. What can you do to save your lawn, landscaping and garden? Listen, read and absorb all you can about how much water will be available and what regulations rfmy be in affect. Plan your water applica- tion according to supply, needs, alternatives and cur- rent conditions. Consider alternatives in planting and watering. This process is called water management. The goal is to keep at least enough moisture in the soil around plant roots for them to survive. And keep alive those plants which rate high- est in.your landscaping. Plant, soil and water re- lationships are crucial to management: Plants differ in how much water they need to survive and prosper and even this varies with climate and weather. Sprinklers vary in how fast they can deliver water. Soils differ in how fast they can absorb moisture, how much they can store and how long they can retain it. For example, one rule of the thumb says it takes an inch of water to reach a depth of 12 inches in sand. That same amount of water will go down only 7 inches in loam and 4 to 5 inches in clay. Thus watering 12 inch roots in loam takes nearly twice as much water as in sand. And in clay it takes nearly three times as much. You can determine root depths and soil types by digging or probing with a soil sampling tube. You can measure sprinkler output by setting cans under the spray and timing how long it takes to accumulate an inch of water. (For further details, con- sult nurserymen, extension agents or Soil Conservation Service personnel. Or con- stilt one of the excellent books on lawn and garden care. ) Knowing about plant needs, soft characteristics two children were Easter guests at the parental LOr- alne Brimmer home. Misses Frances Hebb and Ruth Sager, Gospel Service Workers, spent a few days during the week visiting friends in Sundance. The big snow has melted rather quickly from the open country but there is still much in the shaded and protected areas. The Belle Fourche river and most of the creeks are higher than for some time. Will Walker, an announcer over station KBFS, Belle Fourche, S.D. was here Easter Sunday p.m. and called on Mr. m, ! ,Mrs. Jim Bare. and available water, consider some alternatives you have: Water longer and less often. Build a reservoir of water in the soft and en- courage deep roots. Save water for valuable, prized plants that cannot survive without it. Let your lawn go dry, since it is capable of recovering when moisture is available again. Don't plant annuals, saving water for perennials. Mulch around trees and shrubs and between rows in gardens to hold moisture and discourage weeds, which compete for moisture. Set your lawnmower to leave at least two inches of grass standing. Install moisture instru- ments to monitor moisture level and amount. Probe with a soil sampling tube to check moisture depth APRIL 14, 1977 THE SUNDANCE TIMES and when to water again. Take out any plants, trees or lawn you have planned to eliminate in future landscap- ing - but don't put in new plantings. Reduce watering to a sub- sistence level. Check into other kinds of watering systems that are more efficient. For example, automatic'sprinklers or drip irrigation. Coordinate fertilizing and water application. Some- times sickly plants need fer- tilizer, not water. Too much watering leaches out fertil- izer. These tips cover only a small part of what a person can do to save water and get the most out of what you have available for lawns, landscaping and gardens. Book stores, libraries, gar- den centers and a number of public agencies have a wealth of information in the form of books, pamphlets, charts and other literature. Nurserymen, extension agents, soil conservationists, and other professional and technical people can answer questions and make sugges- tions. The Soil Conservation Ser- vice has a new pamphlet with a number of tips for manag- ing lawns and gardens dur- ing times of water shortages. They're available at the local Soil Conservation Service offices. Feeder Report Supplies of Iowa 800 lb. fleshy ginating out of Dakotas. estimated at chiding 65% heiferS 500-650 lbs. Feeder Steers: 400 - 500 lbs. 42.00 Choice and Prime - 600 lbs. 800 lbs. 39.00 - fleshy 800 - 900 39.50. Two loadS lbs. 38.60- thinner fleshed 700 lbs. 39.50 - dard and Good - 842 lbs. 29.85 Feeder ~6.oice 400 - 500 85. Choice some Prime fleshy lt)q. 34.50- 35.50 - 36.00. Choice and Prime 36.95. Few Mixed Choice thirmer - 34.50. One lot Ibs. agey thin loads Choice 792 very fleshy 34.90 There were going through thq week a week ago and ago. Price This Week, and Last Year. Steers - $41.95. Heifers - $37.78. Steer Calves ,I $43.23, $44.99. Heifer Calves $35.56, $37.75. April 8, 1977 Max Cleland At Sioux City this week, Veterans feeder steer and heifer prices largest were fully steady, instances agency. .50 to $1.00 higher on 800 - *** 950 lb. fleshy steers. l Steen's Feeds is the authorized are taking orders for spring and early t.Q~}~ L~tD~3E~ The pellet mill will be closed for repairs starting MaY approximately two weeks. t~tt~ Irrigation sales and service department will remain Monday through Friday. **WtW The office will be closed on Saturdays starting May 14, 605 BELL| FOURCNE,