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The Sundance Times
Sundance, Wyoming
May 6, 1948     The Sundance Times
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May 6, 1948

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"PROCLAMATION WHEREAS, the State of Wyo- ~aln,g is richly endowed with the natural heritage of vast acres of productive grass, timber and cul- tivated lands; vast deposits of minerals and oils; and almost in- exhaustible supply of life-giving "water; and an abundance of wild life, WHEREAS, these vital resour- ces must always serve the neces- Imry demands of our present and future peoples in agriculture, bus- irises, labor, industry, and human welfare, WH]~RF~S, "it is declared to {be the policy of the legislature to provide for the conservation of soil and soil and water resources of th/s 8tats, and for the control and prevention of soil erosion; and thereby to stabilize ranching and farming operations; to pre- serve natural resources, ,protect the tax base. control floods, pre- vent impairment of dams and res- ervoirs, preserve wildlife; pro- tect pu~bllc lands; and protect and promote the health, safety, and general welfare of the people of this State." WHEREAS, the special obser- vance of the conservation of our resources offers the opportunity for all of the people of Wyoming, ural and urban, young and old, ~o renew and increase their in- terest in the vital importance of onservin~ and restoring wher- ever posstble the natural resour- ces of soil. "water, forest, miner/tls and wildlife through special con- narration education programs by all groups and individuals. NOW THEREFORE I, LES- 'PER C. HUNT, Governor of the State of Wyoming do hereby pro- claim the week of May 2nd to Zfay 8th. 1948 as WYOMING CONSERVATION WEEK and call upon all of the citizens of the ~tate and all Schools, Churches, Civic Groups, Soil Con- servatlon Districts, Production 0D/[arketing Associations, ,Livestock Association Resource Develop- tment ~'oups. Sportsmans Organ- lzatlons and other interested groups, to observe this week .with appropriate educational conserva- tion programs and activities In order that all of our citizens of this state may .become better ac- quainted 'with the natural re- sources in promoting the general welfare of the people of our state, IN V~ITNESS W,HEREOF, I hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State of ~v'yoming to be affixed this 26th day of February, 1948. IJE~TER C. HUNT, Governor of Wyomtr~g ATTEST ~A. G. CRAI~E, Secretary of State May 2nd through May 8th-- State Conservation Week desig- nated by Governor Lester C. Hunt. ~Are you a resident of Crook coun- ,~y participating in a Conserve- " tton Program? Are you conscious Of conservation and its tmport- ~nce to the health, wealth and happiness of all people? Surely you are Conservation Minded. but maFbe you just didn't stop to think about it. The Crook County Agricultural Conservatic~ Association as an agency of the United States De- partment of Agriculture pro- ~n0tes the maintenance and im- provement of sell and water re- sources so that high agricultural l~roductlon may be assured today and in the future for our increas- ing population. Conserve soil and moisture for Increased production and you will Ibe promoting conservation of hu- man lives and health for the A- merlcan people and those in Eur- OPe who are suffering from lack of sufficient food. Con~rvation covers a lot of territory such as the care and ~r~ervatlon of such natural re- mources as water, soil, minerals, oil, coal, forests, fish and wild- life. With a special thought to Con- servatlon Week ~as proclaimed by ILhq every- one will beat they have not a week or month but for years to come. Crook ceunty A. C. A. Edna R. Justice. Secretary. ~oil conservation must not ,~o ~tekward; it must go forward. There is no short cut for per- znaDent soil conservation. Nutrltiontsts tell us that it re- d, liras an average of | ~ a re8 of lreasonabl ~ productive : ~nd o pro- ~lde each person twith a mimfmum t~dequ~te diet. Conservation of natural resour- ces is as important to townspeo- ple as it is to country folk. Wyo- ming Conservation Week is a time when Sundance people should consider the importance of conservation--not only the con- servation o~ soil. the conserva- tiou of moisture, and conserva- tion of soil fertility, hut of hu- man health, happiness, and wel- fare. Our welfare depends to a greater extent than we ordinar- ily think upon the conservation or maintenance of soil fertility on farms. W'e in town are more fortunate than our country ,cous- ins who may live on farms, where soil fertility has ~been depleted. We draw on the :produce from a large number of farms when we make our grocery selections from the store, and thus have a better chance of supplying our bodies with the proper nutrients, than do the members of a family who draw their food from the produce of their depleted soils. Our country folk are our rel- atives and friends. Their health and happiness contribute to our health and happiness. Let us in- form ourselves of the necessity for conservation, and help our country cousins to realize its im- l)ortance, too. A. B. DURFEE. Mayor The devise of creating a World and a Universe in which there were living things, and of provid- ir~g thereon a sufficiency of all the elements and essentials there- on for their comfort and liveli- hood has an exactness and nicety that is miraculous. There has been au abundance and variety that awaited only the wisdom and skill of man. How- ever, as rainfall is the limiting f~ctor in the production of food- stuffs, wastage of natural re- sources is the limiting factor in the e|tjoyment of life and of hu- man happiness. Unless these original grants of soil and other essential resources are decently husbanded and main- tained as a continuing source, to be handed down to each genera- tion in their original capacity to produce and sustain, the default and crime of one generation will become the poverty and gradual extinction of those that follow. It is said: "Poverty is a crime that carries with it its own pun- ishment." Whereas there was many acres of productive soil as against total population, this has now been reduced by increased population to a few acres each, and further reduced by poor methods of culture. These fa(.tors are things that cannot be immediately remedied by edict saying that this or that should be done, in fact in many instances cannot be remedied a't all. Rather, there is the problem of accepting the fact of stern necessity and of wllingly and t~onestly producing without de- stroying or lessening the ability of the soil to further produce, and of utilizing natural resources in the same light. And ,because these material things are a.~oclated with human beings, as they should be, the en- tire gamut of things called con- servation might better be refer- red to as the conservation of hu- man lives and health. A. G. MORGAN The soil is our greatest natural resource. It is far more important to us than our timber, our gold and silver, our iron and copper, even our oil and gas. All of these other things we might get along without if ~e had to. but we could not do without a fertile soil. It is the source of our food sup- ply. As we lose it thru erosion, as it declines in fertility, we have less to eat. What :happens to the soil. hap- pens to us. If We take care of it, we will be strong. If we neglect and a,buse it, we will be weak. Conservation of our soil re- sources is the most important part of a long-range program for agriculture. Nothing should rank ahead of it. Soil conservation is not just a farm problem. It is a national problem and one that we must solve successfully if this country is to continue strong and prosperous. Every one of us has a stake in the land and is direct- time. But to take care of our to- tal population, we must have an abundant production. We cannot prosper on short rations. We no lon~ger have vast areas of virgin land from which to ob- tain the foodstuffs we require. There is relatively little new land to be put into production. We must make the land now being tilled do the job. And the task is constantly getting bigger. Since 194~0, our population has in- creased 11 million. The birth rate is high. Our people are living longer. Consumption of food is 18 percent higher than before the war. In addition, enormous demands are being made upon us to help feed hungry folks in many parts of the world. That extra need for food may persist for several years. We are going the limit in our de- mand on the laud for food. The soil conservation program should be strengthened and ex- panded wiaen necessary. Some if our land is in pretty bad shape. Most of it needs attention. Our rivers still carry muddy waters. There are areas where much of the topsoil has been washed or blown away. Such land must be restored to production. A program of that sort is cost- ly. especially when it needs to b~ done tInoa hurry. Farmers are not able do the job by themselves. A lot of them can't afford it. In this strife-torn world, no nation is strong in defense unless it possesses an adequate and, preferably, an abundant food sup- ply. Food is as much a part of armament as armies, tanks, planes or ships. Men who are well-fed, fight and work 'better. The Unit- ed States cannot afford to be- come dependent oat others for the things we eel Maintaining our farm ~land in tiptop condition is worth every cent we are likely to spend on it. That is cheap pro- tection. ,Soil conservation benefits the fa'rmer. It increases his profits. It tends to stabilize his income. It encourages production of live- stock. Farmers are good custom- ers for the products of American labor. When they are prosperous, business is good and there is plenty of work. We Americans have been for- tunate in having good land. Let us be stare we pass it on to our children as good or better than it was wheat it was turned over to us. If we do that. we shall have been good husbandmen. HIDDEN TREASURE Any of us would get a thrill at the thought of hidden treasure under our very feet. but it is there. It is not gold nuggets, pieces of eight or flashing jewels. It is the soil, the life blood of our great land. ,Soil that we give no concern except to plaw and plant to w~tch blow away and run clown tox the rivers after ev- ery 'little shower. Soil that Is more valuable to us than all our gold, silver, gas or oil. We could do without them, but we could not do with~)ut the soil. We must EAT, have clothes to wear and a place to live. Who can deny the part the soil has in giving us these necessities of life. When our soil is wasted, misused, eroded away, our crops fail or are poor. We all eat less. wear less and do without in general. Millions of acres have been lost that we can ill afford to lose. Our population has increased by 11 million since 1940. There is very little new soil to break up so we must use what we have and use it well to feed all our people. We must make use of all means of soil conserva- tion, not soon, but now. The soil, once lost will be hard to recover. It is easier and cheap- er to keep it now than to try to get it back. It is a problem, not just for the farmer, but for every- one of us. We are all directly af- fected. A good soil conservation program, well administered, well carried out, will lheneflt us now. and in all the years to come. I urge you all to get ~)ehind this program and help it in every way. The treasure is ours, let's keep it. BILL WILLSON, Hulett, Wyoming "Soil and water are the very foundation of our agriculture and of our whole nation. It is, there- fore, the responsibility of every ly concerned with what hap@ens American--every individual and to it. every group---to work together to So it is just as important to ~e that these resources are used the'laboring man and the pro-] wisely, and protected for the use fessional man that our soil re-] of generations that will follow." sources be conserved as it is to]---Clinton P. Anderson, Secretary the ~ar~ner. The land, even if itI of Agriculture. is ~bused, is ~p~ble of feeding our farm popuitktlon ~or ~& lon~ Soll o~servatlon won't wait. It is our duty as American peo- ple to do our par't, as we go thru life to conserve---not only our soil, water and grass, but to conserve Health, Happiness. and Life. When we have done this we also conserve the Peace. Netgh.borly friendship is one thing we all must try to conserve more as we go along. In time to come, we may have to teach the meaning of "neighbor" in our schools, there- fore we should teach it by ex- ample in our homes. To make this a better America for the oncoming generation, we must do our part .now to conserve the America we live in ourselves. To do this we must conserve our soil, water, grass, and forest, so the next generation will live as we have or even better. By sav- ing our soil now, we can make this America we now have. a much better land for those who will llve and grow after us. If we fail to save the land and what the land produces, the coming gener- ation will find it a very diffi- cult country in which to make as good a living as we have been able to make for ourselves. VCe must conserve the livestock of today so there will be better livestock fo~" years to come. With- out good livestock we cannot have the things to eat that we should have. Livestock helps to build up the soil much more than it de- stroys the soil. W'e therefore, must do our part to also conserve live- stock. The best way, to conserve the soil is to save it; we can do this best by handling the soil properly when farming. We can do this by contouring as we farm. By ,building ,good terraces to keep tl~e water from running off. we can hold the moisture on the land where we need it to grow the crop we have planted. The next best thing to build up the ground, is to keep the good top soil from blowing away. We can also do this by proper farm- ing. Work into the soil the mulch and roughage that is on the soil, and do not work the soil too fine on top. The wind will destroy the fine top soil, which is the soil that grows the crop we have planted. When the soil ,becomes too light in weight the wind carries it away very rapidly. This we can prevent by summer-fallowing. When we attempt to summer-fal- low we must keep the ground clean to conserve the spring and summer moisture. By doing this we get the ground in first class condition and also give the soil a chance to rest. We must keep the soil from growing a crop in the spring before we start the summer-fallow. The time to do summer-fallow, is early enough to kill the first growth that comes in the spring. Proper handling of the soil will not only conserve our land, but also greatly increases our yields. We can save the pasture land by not over grazing and by sav- ing the run off of rainfall. This can be done by pitting the land on contour. Cultivation is also a big help to pasture land. This helps to let the spring moisture soak into the ground. There should ,be a good growth of ~rass left on the ground tu hold the winter moisture. The moisture that we get in the winter is what starts the spring growth of grass. When we conserve the mois- ture. put a stop to blowing and washing, and practice better graz- ing methods, we conserve our soil. When we conserve the soil, we are making a better America for us today, and building the great America that will he here tomorrow. If we do this, we will have helped to make a ,better liv- ing for all we have conserved health, happiness, and this won- derful land of ours. let us all do our part to con- serve the Peace, by proper hand- ling of our soil, products, and in- dustries. HARRY L. VOStE, President Redwater Farm ~Bureau Local Governor Lester C. Hunt has set the week of May 2 to the 8th as State Conservation Week. To most farmers and ranchers the word conservation has came to mean better and wiser use of our soil and water. This is very im- portant not only to the farm and ranch operators themselves, .but also to all of the people In the community, as we all depend upon the soil for our food. To me the werd has a much ,broader mean- ing. Conservation of Our resources for a h~ppi~r, healthier commun- ity for all'our people. Many of these objectives can ~be ~btained only through the cooperation of TH1E SUNDANCE ~undance, Wy~ May all our people in a com~ munity interest. It depends objective sought how large a munity is necessary. Many worthwbile objectives, home beautification healthful recreation," as weed control, soil and water servation can be carried the individual family, and locality level. Other as better medical service, A.. better transportation fee cooperative marketing ven insure the full income for uals to which they are en and improved educational tages are only practical cooperation of larger all the way from the county to the state level, with some federal aid as long control of tbe particular remains largely in the the community served. To me it seems that Crook~ ty has been favored with resources well above the We havre abundant rich quate water if a sound program is followed. various mineral resourc good healthful climate. ple of Crook county, as uals are prosperous. Then why in the way of | and community services are f.ar behind other corn who are newer and have ural advantages to start think it is because of lack operation of all of our the community interest. the first requirements of a community is transportatiO ities, which mean railroads, and roads. built primarily with tax and too much of our tax goes out of the state. of the raw products. the basis of all wealth, are by agriculture. In this Crook county is one of th, ing counties in the state, stance in 1946 Crook fourth largest producer and seventh in total lation. W'here we fall down we allow most of our wealth to ~be marketed, and. to a great extent, b~ck to us outside the Thus we are letting our natural resources more wealth for other example: tlmugh we the richest counties in in natural resources we were 22nd in sales and use taxes, whiC pretty good barometer of iness carried on in market, process, and sell ural produce in the not only create more uation for the county, crease sales and use tax tions. Let's not say it done, because it has. done in other counties less to start with. In age a large percent of our goes to pay taxes. TheSe used to build and public buildings and So unless we buy our cheaper away from home actually losing money, ~ve are losing our own what the tax share of chase is. The answer ts the people in Crook and sell at home. and available means o~ industries for Crook To all of you .people salesmen of services or any kind. I say, find a meet out of state far as marketing of livestock the proposed road into the eastern county opens up a new possibilities in that for the consumers and all goods, ~h~ch means of us, let us buy it at all ~)oasible, and the too ~ar out of line. I say that all of these are possible through hearted cooperation of Let's get over being what our neighbor over has. Let's grow up, and a Crook county ~be proud of any in our community, no whether it is in dance. Hulett, or any of our community! RUSSELL Over ~0,000 acres of seeded by the Soil Conservation repurchased lands V~eston, and This land is now to feed hungry out the world.