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The Sundance Times
Sundance, Wyoming
May 6, 1948     The Sundance Times
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May 6, 1948

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f CONSERVATION le entire world during thousand years, ap- 106 species and sub- animal life have be- Thirty-three of out of existence pre- Year 1800. Durin,g ifty years, two more Through the period 1900 thirty-one were it. From 1900 to the have lost forty more. years ago the last died. Today, the trum- is given an even surviving. the rate of this loss man's progressive ex- :d increasing need for and we have the an- forms of wildlife can- to roans' environ- and its habitat a certain amount of of the ant- simple, pro- environment is This was the buffalo. Our na not afford to leave fertile land unculti- range. The buf- as his natural habitat make room for crops herds of livestock. enough individuals to perpetuate the Virtually all of the nation's 6,000,000 farms today need a cor- rect plan of land management to stop soil erosion. According to government fig- ures an estimated 10,000 one- hundred acre farms are lost each year through neglect of the land. of a total 321,000,000 crop-acres available in 1948, official statis- tics show that 50,000,000 crop- acres have been lost through erosion, and 50,000,000 more are ill critical condition and no long- er are producing at a profit. In addition, 100,000,000 crop-acres with 25 to 75 percent of the top- soil gone are producing at a pro-: fit only through heavy applica- lieu of commercial fertilizers. Unless some effective mea:As is established immediately to save soil through controlled drainage and thereby increase per acre crop yield, the country will be reduced to a starvation level within the next 40 years. It will cost the nation more to live at a bare subsistence level than it does now at the present standard of living. Soil conservation is the basis for any plan of correct land use~ Terracing is the basis for any plan of soil conservation. Recent survey by the United States Soil Conservation Service reveals that 650,249 miles of terraces have been constructed throughout the ('ountry as of June 30, 1947. Im- e - observation mediate plans call forthe con- Wer species of ant-struction of 1,314,383 miles of ~appe .red in Europe [ terraces additionally. However, two thousand year[5036,566 miles of terraces ~l~e have been extermin-I critically needed aside from ~on continents of Africa, [ thousands of miles, of divers North America. Dur-[terraces to be built, drainage [,[e.lAges, the wealthYlditches to ,be dug and gullies to ,~ope set aside large [ be filled. P(~vate hunting es- Estimates are that where no "~ wildlife and its plan of soil conservation is on the 'protected. Conse- land, loss of applied fertilizer species were saved Wildlife sanctuar- nated in medieval new life in the ed countries of the ence of this there of SOuth Africa, Park of Canada own primitive areas Parks. Much has ueh more remains to the duty of the to decide wheth- Wishes to save our es 'from extin- D W. McINTYRE TILE IS SOIL? indicate that many farms are annually tion due to the lack ~ents that can and in the form of having soil tests can approach his l~nowledge as to field by field and and money as be ,the case where :ations are made dance of soil tests. ests in the Pine the county some eu fOund to .be very some low in low in nitrogen. lightly acid, in of lime before any obtained by add- general short- ility could be e, the prablem Ual farm prob- each field would records recent applica- zer in this area, tests, are ~being the a~tual can be obtained. these tests will for more to obtain soil the proper ,'bal- may ~e ob- lrCoductlon of bet- hopes to soon be fertilizer in pas- mee if there isn't We must in both pasture land ff remain prosper- nd farmers. There of ~s interested in programs, in- been the case Years. Farm Bureau livestock where proper- and fur~ fowl. Ira' and throt~gh erosion is 23 times great el" than the amount of fertilizer used in the growing of the crop. Extensive study has been given this important problem by Inter- national Harvester in cooperation with SCS personnel and the Com- pany now has a terracer which, through proper application and subsequent land management, re- portedly will increase crop yield markedly within the first year. Designed for one-man operation, the terracer also can .fill gullies for grassed waterways, dig ditches or build ridges to control drain- age, and help to hold fertilizer and humus where they belong. W. F. TRACY. .X "Unless the farmers and farm women of the nation think more ~bout the things that are funda- mental and how they can en- courage their children to love the farm and the farming people and turn their faces toward the home community instead of the distant city, they will continue, in all likelihood, to lose the ownership of the land." O. E. Baker, *'Di- vision of ,Farm Population and Rural Life." Bureau of Agricul- tural Economics, U. S. Depart- Laent of Agriculture. Because of man's propensity for destruction, nature has provided a safeguard for all natural ele- ments or forces to the extent that though it may change its form o~" character, no particle of organic substance is ever lost. But through the ages assumes a new and use- ful purpose. Thus erosion of our rich soil and farm lands to the Mississippi delta, will in the dis- tant future, become a deep allu- vial plain capable of sustaining a vast or dense population. How- ever evolution of nature is so de- liberate that generations of men may perish because of the lack of conservation during their own span of existence. We, in America, have witnessed all of the elements of man's de- struction as well as the po~i,bili- ties of rejuvenation to soils, wat- er, timber and their combined use to maintain-fertility and provide means for human sustenance. These illustrations of material conservation should lead us to observe more closely the possibil- ities of conserving human health. by diet, sanitation, and proper housing. The conservation of human happiness ~by conforming to those established spiritual and social codes that have, by time, been proven beneficial to all humanity. Last, but not least, we must conserve the political liberties that we have inherited. Liberties that ,former generations achieved by "trial and error" by blood, sweat and tears". Liberties that granted ~s of America the right to "life, llbertT-and the pursuit of happiness". The rt(rht to choose our vocation, to create as mu~h of the worlds wealth and goods as we desire or as abilities permit, and to retain for ourselves or our posterity the entire fruits of such la,bor. And to keep these proper- ties, these rights and liberties free from confiscation by auto- crats of church, state, or nation. These treasured privileges once lost by lack of thoughtful con- servation can only be recovered by time and human suffering, let us guard them well. WILBUR F. NE~,VLAND --X" There are 3l locally organized Soil Conservation Districts in Wyoming. Over two-thirds of the farmers and ran,cihers are in or- ganized Districts."Why not all of us? Poor land makes poor people. Observe "Wyoming Soil Conserva- tion Week May 2nd--8th. Soil and water conservation is ao longer a choice; it .is a na- tional must! Soil conservation is cheaper than soil erosion. Soil conservation pays its own way--and more. "Soil Conservation: The use of each acre according to its own individual capabilities, and the treatment of each acre according to its own individual needs."--- Dr. Hugh H. Bennett, Chief. U. S. Soil Conservation Service. "What it has taken Nature thousands of years to give us we have despoiled in two or three centuries at the most and often in as little as 20 or 40 yea~, a mere clock tick, in the span of eternity."--"To Hold This Soil" --Misc. Pub. No. 321, USDA. "The plain truth is that Ameri- cans, as a people, have never learned to love the land",and to regard it as an enduring resource. They have seen it only as a field fo~r exploitation and a source of immediate financial return." -- Dr. Hugh H. Bennett, Chief, U. S. Soil Conservation ,Service. "Since the first crude plow up- rooted the first square foot of sod. and since man's axe first bit into virgin forests, erosion of the soil has been a problem It is as old as history'. Down through the ages it has influenced the lives of men and the destinies of na- tions and civilizations, in the United States Ioday, no problem is more urgent." Dr. Hhgh Ham- mend Bennett. Chief, U. S, Soil Conservation ,Service. "Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the Garden of Eden. to till the ground from whence he was taken." Genesis 2:23. "Let us remem,ber that'the cul- tivation of the earth is the most important labor of man." Daniel Webster. "The ,best poems I have pro- duced are the trees I planted on the hillsides." Oliver Wendell Holmes. "We ruin the lands that are al- ready cleared---A half, a third, or even a fourth of what land we mangle, well wrought and prop- erly dressed would produce more than the whole under our sys- tem of management." -- George Washington, First President of the U. S. Farmers: Rotate your irrigated )astures ~vith an electric fence. Pastures properly rotated and ir- rigated will double forage pro- duction. Over-stocked ranges are an ero- sion hazard. The correct rate of use will mean ~better livestock and more pounds of meat with no erosion. Contour tillage will save soil and moisture. Idle fields do not make profits. Seed these fields to grass and produce meat--and cash in the bank. Spread flood waters from small ,dr~nage~on grass lgnds. This will increase forage ~)roduction and cut down erosion. L Far~ shelterbelts cut down wind erosion, furnish shelter for livestock, and a habitat ,for wild life. Rats alone destroyed or dam- aged 200 million bushels of grain last year. If this amount of grain were all wheat, it would be suf- ficient to supply one pound of bread every day for a year to 36 million people. One rat will eat or damage $20 worth of food, feed, and property per year which means the nation pays $2V2 bil- lion annually to keep its rats. Al- so, rats are carriers of bubonic plague, typhus, and other deadly diseases. Rats may cause short circuits by gnawing insulation from electric cords. Fire and rats consume food and feed. Debris and trash accumula- tions are their friends. Clean-up and dispose of piles of rubbish, and the like where rats may hide. Do away with rat "hotels". Haul manure to the fields. This not only fertilizes the crops but improves the looks of the farm- stead and at the same time helps eliminate flies and other insects around the house and barn. Weeds and grass growtng around discarded machinery are hazards for fire and harbors for rats. Gasoline should be removed from machinery during storage. Salvage all scrap metal. Hastenln,g stove fires by using kerosene or gasoline takes a heavy toll of farm lives and farm prop- erty. New Orleans is more than 130 miles farther from the Gulf of Mexico than when it was found- ed. This is the silt deposited from erosion of farms in the Mississippi water shed. Wyoming has a,bout 8 acr6s of arable land per person. The na- tion has 3 acres. I 3-4 acres of arable land per person in the world for food and fibre. Let's preserve this ratio. Waters from Wyoming directly affect 13 other states. Let us con- serve and store as much of it as is economically possible. Over use of" irrigation water wastes land and fertility. Good irrigation requires proper con- trol structures. Complete conser- vation on irrigation land has in- creased production over $25 per acre based upon 1940-45 prices. Reservoirs in Wyoming are fill- ing with silt from the lands above them. Let's stop erosion and protect this investment. TI-I~ SUNDANCE TIME~ Sundance, Wyo. May 6, 1948 6.400 FARM WOMEN TO OBSERVE NATION&L HOME WEEK. SAYS MRS. HUNTER Laramie--Approximately 6,400 Wyoming rural women will ob- serve the third annual national Home Demonstration Week May 2-8, discloses Mrs. Thomas Hunt- er, state president of the Home Demonstration Council and a member of bhe LaPrele club in Converse county one of the old- est and largest of the 291 home- makers clubs in the state. State and county-wide spon- sored events will .highlight the 'home and family and will follow the theme "Today's Home Builds Tomorrow's World", said Mrs. Hunter. ~ponsoring a letter-writing con- test entitled "Let's Get Acquaint- ed", the State Council encoura4~es any members to write about their homes and families, the kind of a farm or ranch they live on, and something of their community activities, Mrs. Hunter pointed out. Mrs. Mae Urbanek, state pub- licity chairman, Lusk is in charge of the contest. Three counties show a repre- r ~ntation of the type of activities to be featured in the program. Park county will honor 20-year members who have been active in the program at a tea. Natrona county will feature a luncheon followed by a tour to see the dem- onstration of various types of household equipment on display at Casper stores; and 4n Camp- bell county 4#H girls will ,partici- pate in a style show modeling dresses that they 'have made or that are available at local stores. Club members will participate in radio programs to be broad- cast over the Denver "Mile-High Farmer" program on Station KOA and over county stations, Mrs. Hunter states. Mrs. Hunter is offering valu- able assistance in integrating the county programs in the National observance spotlighting the farm women, says Mrs. Verna J. Hitch- cock, state home demonstration agent leader of the Wyoming ag- ricultural extension service. She and nine other Wyoming women attended the National Council meeting in West Virginia last Octaber to formulate plans for National HDA Week. .x Data collected for the Secre- tary of Defense reveals that 87.4 percent of Army officers holding rank of major or above who were discharged since 1940. are re- ceiving disability pensions, where- as only 63.4 percent of Naval of- ficers of a comparable rank re- tired during the same period, are claiming disability. SUITED TO THE SOIL Serving this territory in Safety for Fifty-Two Years.