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The Sundance Times
Sundance, Wyoming
August 4, 2011     The Sundance Times
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August 4, 2011

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Page 5 - Thursday, August 4, 2011 "WHERE THE KID GOT HIS NAME" The Sundance mes Letters to the Editor "Look Twice, Save a Life" Editor, In 2009, 13 motorcyclists died on Wyoming highways. Last year, 31 motorcyclists died on Wyoming highways. With the onset of the Sturgis Rally, now is a good time to remind ourselves of some important facts. Most of the fatalities can be attributed to drinking and riding error. Twenty-four of last years fatalities were not wearing a helmet. The Sundance Police Department would like to encourage all motorist and other road users to safely "Look Twice," for motorcycles and to be extra alert to help keep motorcycles safe. Motorcyclists are reminded to make sure that they are visible to motorists and that they follow the rules of the road. With more and more motorcyclist hitting the roads, the Sundance Police Department would like all pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers of all vehicles to be extra attentive and make sure they "Look Twice, Save a Life". A motorcyclist is one of the smallest vehicles on our roads, often hidden in a vehicles blind spot. Everyone needs to diligently look for them before changing lanes or merging with traffic. Motorcyclists have responsibilities too. Motorcyclists should obey traffic rules, be alert to other drivers, never ride while impaired or distracted, and always wear a DOT compliant helmet and other protective gear. Remember to "Look Twice, Save a Life!" Enjoy the motorcycle season by making it a safe one. Additional information about safe motorcycle riding can be found at www.nhtsa.gov. Chief Todd L Fritz, Sundance Police Department It is once again time to share happenings at our city. First, John Kiplinger our 27 year veteran Maintenance Forman is retiring. The public is welcome to stop and say "hi" the afternoon of August 5, 2011, at City Hall. John will be missed by all of us because he is the city&apos;s institutional knowledge. We are going to still operate the city water and sewer plant off of John's licenses until our guys get their hours and training in. I have opened the job up to the existing staff and conducted interviews. We are lucky to have such good guys and they are all good candidates. The pool is open and being used. The council elected not to charge admission this year to renew interest. The pool is working pretty well although the main pump and filter are both about wom out. We received word that a grant Kathy applied for a couple of years back was awarded to us and that will help with their replacement. There was a grand re-opening of the pool on July 30. The only bad news right now is that our new water tank on Rattle Snake Hill has slipped and is in jeopardy of falling offthe hill. We have been analyzing the problem with the aid of Bear Lodge Engineering. I contacted Floyd Canfield who sits on the Wyoming Water Development Council and he is helping us with the State. Engineering America, the contractor that placed the tank, has been contacted by us and the tank is under warranty. We all have a lot of time in on this. The maintenance department hasn't put in any meters for a while but we hope to get back to that as our sewer rate structure is based on water use. We have, however, with some assistance from Timberline Services, fixed the lagoon leak, the washed out spillway on Sundance Pond, cleaned the town up for the all school reunion, hauled lots of limbs after the big wind storm, fixed several water leaks ant  installed drainaqe on.te.R, attle Snake [-litEwa/za nk.- -: ;... _ - : At our August meeting we will go to bids with theJley,rebuild .... and storm sewer on block ten of the downtown, the West Street Creek Crossing and extending the walking path from the park to our downtown. I would like to thank all of the City Staff for the great job they do and I think it shows in the appearance of our city. Paul Brooks, Mayor Dear Editor, The Wyoming Land Commissioners - our top five elected officials - have an opportunity on Aug. 4 to demonstrate commitment to their obligation as trustees for the School Lands Trust. They are being asked to tighten up terms of oil and gas leases on trust lands, to assure optimal income from those leases. When Wyoming became a state in 1890, the Act of Admission by Congress designated two sections of land per township to be held in trust by the state for the benefit of common schools. That is, income from that land and the subsurface estate is dedicated to public schools. The trust is for the benefit of schools. That is the principle of "undivided loyalty" to a trust beneficiary. It is not public land. It is not state land. It is school trust land. Many decisions come before the commissioners conceming school trust lands, and they have done a good job of keeping their eye on that trust obligation to manage the trust prudently for the children. On Aug. 4, they are scheduled to vote on oil and gas lease changes being proposed by the Office of State Lands and Investments that would close loopholes on valuation. The PTA in Wyoming monitors state action concerning these trust lands, and we hope the Land Commission will maintain a strong trustee stance on Aug. 4 and approve the changes. Of course, this proposed lease fails to update the provisions for royalty rates and the so-called "Pugh Clause" to make sure leases are developed. We hope those will be back on the table soon. Our oil and gas industry is composed of shrewd businessmen who are not accustomed to giving anything away. They owe that duty to their shareholders. That's fine. But the Board of Land Commissioners has a duty to school children, to consider what the trust can do in current market conditions, to carry out their fiduciary duty and optimize income for the children. Marguerite Herman, Legislative Chair for the Wyoming PTA Letter to the Editor, Old Stoney Will Live Again The Crook County Heritage Association members have been working over twelve years to save Old Stoney. Now that the Crook County Museum District owns the building and the goal is to move the Crook County Museum out of the Courthouse basement into Old Stoney, the future is now so much brighter. With the many fundraising efforts by the Old Stoney Committee, the Museum Foundation and of course the Heritage Association, things are looking great. As Museum Director and Old Stoney supporter, Rocky Courchaine is a true benefit and I hope everyone will show their appreciation. And now the All School Reunion attendees have contributed a very nice sum, which every one of us are so happy about. That is such a great gesture on their part. That money will be used to help get grants to do more work. All of us involved hope that in the coming months many others will see that turning Old Stoney into the Crook County Museum and Cultural Center will be what Sundance needs by providing something missing in town. As President of the Heritage Association, Member of the Old Stoney Committee, Museum District Board Member and Museum Member, I am fully committed to the efforts and invite everyone to join us. Your assistance will be remembered and immortalized in Old Stoney. Look forward to many other fundraising activities and please help where you can. Volunteers are always welcome. And at some point volunteer work can be counted as part of the local Match on Grants. Larry Goodson The Federalist Papers Federalist Paper # 32, January 2, 1788 By Terry Henderson Hamilton continues writing about the taxing authority of the Union versus the States. He believes there is no real danger of the consequences of the Union having control of the taxing because of "the sense of the people, the extreme hazard of provoking the resentments of the State governments, and a conviction of the...necessity...for local purposes, would be a complete barrier against the oppressive use of such a power." He says under the proposed Constitution, individual States would possess an independent authority to raise their own revenues, outside of duties on imports and exports. Any attempt by the federal government to restrict those "would be a violent assumption of power unwarranted by any article or clause of its Constitution." Because the Constitution aims only at partial consolidation of the State governments, the States would clearly retain all the rights of sovereignty which theY had before, and that were not exclusively delegated to the United States. "...alienation of State sovereignty would only exist in three cases; where the Constitution in express terms granted an exclusive authority to the Union; where it granted in one instance an authority to the Union and in another prohibited the States from exercising the like authority; and where it granted an authority to the Union, to which a similar authority in the States would be absolutely and totally contradictory and repugnant." Hamilton then explains the three cases. Article I, section 8 lists the powers that Congress has. The 13th power states that Congress shall exercise "exclusive legislation" over the district to be appropriated as the seat of the federal government, and additional purchased property "for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dockyards, and other needful buildings" (quoted from the Constitution), which answers to the first case. The first clause in section 8 allows Congress "to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises". The 2rid clause of section 10, Article 1 says "no State shall without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports...but this power is restricted by another clause (section 9, 5th clause) which declares that no tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State." The consequence is the federal authority only extends to duties on imports. This answers to the second case. The third situation is where Congress shall have the power "to establish an UNIFORM RULE of naturalization throughout the United States." (Article I, section 8, 4th clause) This must be because if each State had the power to make their own rule, there could be no uniform rule. Hamilton then says that the power to tax all other articles other than exports and imports is a coequal authority in the United States and in the individual States because there is "no expression in the granting clause which makes that power exclusive in the Union." By restricting duties on imports and exports specifically, it "implies an admission, that if it were not inserted the States would possess the power it excludes." It also implies that in all other taxes, the authority of the State remains undiminished. Lawyers call such a restriction "a NEGATIVE PREGNANT; that is a negation of one thing and an affirmative of another. It negates the authority of the States to impose taxes on exports and imports, but affirms their authority to impose them on all other articles. It is possible that the Union may mpose a tax on a particular article at the same time as the State, This does not imply a constitutional inability to impose that additional tax, but more likely, an imprudence (unwise judgment). That does not make it repugAn.nt to the. Constitution because it does not extinguish a pre-existing dghtof sovereignty. ..... C'orlcurrent'jU|ii6tJ6n'in'6ertain cases is necessary because of: 1. the division of the sovereign power ano 2. the rule that all the authorities that the States have not explicitly given to the Union remain with them in full vigor. In addition to the affirmative grants of general authority, there has been particular care in the cases where it was deemed improper that the like authorities should reside in the States, to insert specific negative clauses that prohibited the States from exercising them. Those specific items prohibited to the States are outlined in Article I, section 10. Publius welcome , cannot be  when , am /ibelous, when ey are not consicLwed ,for one reader or when #ey , ltous or when a /e#er  has drec#y phone nnber Le#ers to the etor are irtended printed if they ate wren as 1 messages. Monday - Ch icl<en Tortilla Tuesday- Lasagna Wednesday - Cheeseburger Chowder Thursday- Cheddar Potato Friday- Chicken Pot Pie Saturday- Country Potato Sunday - Chicken Vegetable Chili Available Each Day StlnrJan00enter 1 I ( ,!, remote control was wired t the 1V set. Sunda, ere formowing the lawn and talking to neighbors. A gallon of gas cost 18 cents. we still we started our cUstOmerS like neighbors a cup RANGE http:/l.coWpokes.com I -- I /'"/ / \\; I ._,r 6  ', '/l J , ( t-,I ,, , " k: V/t , >.- --'--J V" )i 4, /t.,,>S) .v" .' ./ ll >q\\;./ y,v; / /I " --  .... Q  , - - -_'c_ : "rd say we've got a drouth on, look at the mesquites and prickly pear reachin' fer them empty beer cans!" The road to financial success in the ag industry isn't paved, You need a partner who knows agriculture nancing... Look to Sundance State Bank. Sundance State Bank Member FDIC ' Equal Housing Lender Phone 283-1074