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The Sundance Times
Sundance, Wyoming
December 24, 1931     The Sundance Times
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December 24, 1931

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I . . I News e Events the d Over Opening the Seventy.Second Congress---President Hoover and Secretary Mellon Call for Higher Taxes--Germany Reduces Everything. By EDWARD W. PICKARD W lTll the Denmcrats in centrol of the hoase and John Nonce Gar- her of Texas elected and installed as speaker, the ~eventy-second congress began its work on tittle. Itel,resentutlv('s of the majority party eelehrated their new slatus in the lower clmmber wilh wild cheering and "rebel" yells. But the senate was fittingly nmre se- date anti ils firm ses- sion was brief and f,rmal. Next day tire fireworks begau In that chamber with the Speaker J. N. Garner anticipated revolt of tile progressives against tile re-election of Senator Moses of New llampshlre as prescient pro tempera. They have never for- given hhn for calling them "sons of the wild Jackass," so tltey gave their seven ,votes to Norris of Nebraska. The Democrats voted solidly for Pitt- n:t'l of Nevada but fell short of the r~, 'red forly-five w~tes by three, so there wa~ a deadlock tlmt threat- ened to last a brag thor. The most Interesting event In the senate was the swearing In of Mrs. Hattie Caraway of Arkansas to fill the neat of her late husband. Intro- duced by Senator Robinson, she took the oath of office, signed the register and quietly returned to her seat, al- most In tears. Her associates all gathered ~bout to congratulate her, but there was no gaiety in the affair for the memory of her husband was ever preaent. In all, sixteen new sen- stors presented themselves to take the oath, nearly all of them being first term Democrats. Nearly one hundred new members of the house were installed, and so many of them were Democrats that Mr. Garner won the speakership by the following vote: Gar- ner 21R : ~nell, Repub- lican, 207; Schneider of Wisconsin, pro- gressive Republican. 5. Kvale of Mfnne- sofa, the lone Farmer. Laborite, voted for Schneider, Of course all the other officers of the house are now Mrs. Caraway Democrats. The first actual work In the house wan the adoption of new rules, so lib- eralized that It will no longer be easy for bills to be pigeonholed by the eom- mltteea to which they have been re- ferred. Now 145 members can pro- cure the discharge of a commltlee and bring a bill to the floor for a vote. This change was made especially for the benefit of the proponents of mod. tflcatlon of the dry laws. and the stage was set for an early vote on some of their bills, which will put the rep- resentatives on record though there Is no hope yet for the passage of the measures. While congress was assembling and going tbro41gh the bualness of tile first day, the Communist "hunger march- ers" who bad traveled to the Capital by automobile and ante truck from va- rious parts of the country besieged the Capitol hnllding and the White House In vain efforts tO lay their demands be- fore the .leglslaiors and the Preshlent 'l ey were rebuffed, fairly, gently, by the police and other officials, and next day started home, still discontented and defiant. ~:~PAgNOMIES In the navy and army ~a which are urged by the Preshlent were the objects of further attacks. Early In the week President W. H. Oardlner of the Navy league came out with a new assault on the administra- tion pollelea in that respect, crltlclr~ tog a statement by Secretary Stlmson. hitting back at the Hammond com. mittee, a~alllng the l'resldent for glowing ~ cruiser construction and calling on congress for an Investiga- tion of Mr. Hoover's financial policy toward the navy. Next, National Commander Stev- ens of the American Legion conveyed to the President the legion's demand that he approve authorization of war- ship eonstr~tctlon necessary to bring the American fleet up to the maximum tonnage limits of the L, mdon treaty. The organization also asked congress and the administration to rescind the economles, for the military estsbllsh- meat and to renew for the army. Na. ttona! Guard. R. O. T. C., and other military activities the same suma ap- propriated for the current year. Finally came the annual report of Rear Admiral Frank B. Ul)ham, chief of the bureau of navigation, wbleh termed the adminiatration policy of reduction a aevere blow to the na- tional defense. He said that history shows that decreases in the navy eventually result In expenditures many times greater than the tempo- rary savings. Mr. Stevens of the American Legion also called personally at the White House and told Mr. Hoover the legion only 18 for adequate national do- tense but also Is In favor of submit- tlng to the l)eople tim mailer of re- peal or modlficalion of tim dry laws. pItESIDENT llOOVEIt on Tuesday transmitted to congress his mes- sage on tim state of the Union. in wtlfeh he sketched the economic crisis confrontirlg the CO,ll)- try, related In consid- e r a b I e detail the measures be has initi- ated to alleviate tile business depression and unemployment fln(I recommended In general terms legisla. tion creating addl- tlonal Instrumentali- ties for the sttme pur- pose and Increasing taxes to meet a thre# President and a half billion dol- Hoover lal deficit this year an(i next. Regular Republicans declared the message represented constructive statesmansiHp of a high order, while Democrats and progressive Ilepubll- cans took it as a challenge. Generully, It was accepted as the opening grin of tbe 1932 campaign. There was much comment on the fact that no mention was made of prohlblthm. On Wednesday Mr. Hoover sent In his budget message, containing tbe ad- ministration's program of taxation and other measures of government financ- Ing. At the same time the annual re- )art of Secretary of the Treasury Mellon was nmde public. This called for Increased rates on personal and corporation Incomes, Inheritances, to- bacco and capital stock sales. New levies would be hnposed on automobiles, radios, telephone, tele- graph and cable messages, amusement tickets, checks and drafts and realty sales. Postal charges wouhl be boost- ed. Exemptions from Income taxes would be lowered to Include 1,7tKUJ00 new Individuals within the ~ope of the federal levy. The Democrats In congress Immedi- ately began an attack on ttds pro- gram, saying li~ey would soon have ready one of their own. THIRD In the list of Presidential messages came the one on foreign relations, which (,ontatned the request that eonwess ratify the Hoover mor- atorium. More Important than that was the suggesthm that the war debt commission should be reconstituted with power to reopen the debt settle- ments. Though Mr. Hoover reiterated his disapproval of cancellation of the war debts, such action, or at least a Further reduction of the debts seemed, to many congressmen, to be Implicit In his proposal. So many of them ob- Ject to eitimr course that a long de- bate was in prospect. JAPAN and China accepted the pro- posal of tim League of Nations eauncl! for cessation of hostilities in Mapclturla, while a neutral commission Inquires Into the facts, but both na- tions made reservations that rendered the agreement little more than a form by means of which the council saves Its face. Premier Wakatsukl's Japanese cabl. net decided to resign because of dis- sensions, and It was thmtght a coalition ministry would be formed with fnuwal, leader of the Selyukal party, as premier. HIS national aoclallsts or "Nazis" now being in control of three German states and constituting the most powerful political party In the country, Adolf Hitler haa been talking free- ly to correspondents on his Intentions. Briefly, he prolroses, when hla party Is In- vested with the gov. ernlng power by way of the ballot box. to set up a dictatorship on tire ltahan model; to recognize and pay to the fullest of Ger- many's ability all her Adolf Hitler foreign debts con- tracted In business and normal trans- actions but to reject "political black- mall"; to insist upon a new war debt arrangement: and to destroy commu- nism in Germany. He declares there will be no Nazi march on Berlin. and denies that be seeks the presidency. Hitler's challenge to the government brought swift response from Cbancel- lot Bruenlug In the form of a warn- Ing that President Von Hindenburg would Invoke martial law if neces- sary to save the constitution. At the same time the President signed and made public a drastic emergency de- cree designed to close up what Bruen- Ins called "the deflathm period Ira. posed upon Germany." Tile decree reducea wage scales to the level of 1927 and cuts rents, food prices and about all other living costs. It also re. ducetJ interest rates, Imposes eom- ,pensatory taxe~ on Imports and atrengtheng measuru against the flight bf capital. THE TIMES, G I~RMANY'S capacity to pay rep- arations and especially bar abll. lty to resume payments next summer are being studied by the consultative committee of the Bank for Interna- tional Settlements at Basel, Switzer- land. Walter W. Stewart, American member, refusing to accept the chair- manshlp, that place was given to Dr. Alberto Beneduce of Italy. Carl Jo- seph Melchior was the first person heard, the burden of Iris argument be. Ing that Germany could no longer pay reparations. Tids Is, Indeed, the view of millions of Germans of all parties. TllltEE great farm groups, tim Amer- Ican Farm I)ureaa, tile Nat|anal Farmers' union and tire Grange, in ses- sh)n in Chicago, united on plans to fight in eorlgress for SHI'I,IUS erop co,llr(,I. Their leaders said their (lemands would be for the exl)nrt del)enlu, e and the equalization fee, and that their disagreements of the past on these matt(,rs had been atljusted. Amen,I- meats to the agrlcnltm'al markeling act to permit the farm l,oard to use those l~rln('iples will be introduced It, the senate and |,